CHAINED & GAGGED
October 29, 1969. Judge orders Bobby Seale to be chained to the chair and gagged during volatile court proceedings!
Judge Julius Hoffman in the trial of the "Chicago Eight" from riots during the Democratic Convention of 1968 would not allow Bobby Seale to represent himself. This sparked tension between the two. Hoffman ordered Bobby Seale to be shackled in the courtroom and gagged during the trial. Then Hoffman found Seale in contempt and sent him to jail which changed the tag to the Chicago Seven.
November 21, 1972 the substantive convictions were all reversed on a number of grounds. The appeals court found that Judge Hoffman was antagonistic to the defendants among other biased attitudes.
"Your idea of justice is the only obscenity in the room."
Bobby Seale is a champion of civil rights and freedom. His dedication to the fight for equality is profoundly comparable to the strong hearted religious cousin of Benjamin Franklin, abolitionist, Lucretia Coffin Mott.
Bobby Seale, American activist, taught Black Studies at Temple University. He had a significant friendship with John Lennon who was also a target of the corporate establishment and their propaganda.
a.k.a. KENT STATE MASSACRE In memorial of 1967 "The Summer of Love" followed by riots in 1968. Then on May 4th, 1970, at Kent State University, in the United States of America; four American students were murdered and nine were injured by Ohio National Guard. The criminal Richard Nixon and his tyrannical abuse of power of the White House and his presidency claimed the lives of 58,200 young Americans as well as the four shot at Kent State.
28 National Guards
67 rounds of bullets - 13 seconds- 4 students dead
It sparked a student strike protest of 4 million students nationwide.
MAY 4 Massacre The cost of freedom when unarmed university students protested the bombing of Cambodia.
Lucretia Coffin Mott was a religious woman. A Quaker and a leader women's rights. She was an abolitionist, a women's rights activist and a social reformer who got the most crucial legislation passed into law for equality. Her battle cry and hopeful prayers for the humble, "Truth for authority, not authority for truth.
protest: a statement or action expressing disapproval of or objection to something; challenge, dissent, outcry; take a stand.